“Job analysis” is a process by which companies examine a specific job role looking for three defining factors: that it clearly describes its responsibilities and activities, that it understands its relationship to other jobs in the organization, and that it defines the requirements necessary—knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs)—for a candidate to be successful.
Job analysis typically answers questions such as:
Why does the job exist?
Where must the job be performed?
What conditions are required for the job to be performed?
What tasks comprise the job?
What experiences, knowledge, and education are needed?
What outputs result from the job?
Job analyses are used in multiple ways in an organization, including for recruitment of new employees into new or existing jobs, compensation model reviews, performance management, and to identify new learning and development offerings.
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